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    Comparison between Selenium, Cypress, Puppeteer, Playwright
    Author: Fleek IT Solutions
    Website: https://www.fleekitsolutions.com/
    Added: Thu, 15 Apr 2021 06:30:56 +0000
    Category: Business
    Printable version | Email | Bookmark

    Software automation testing is a testing method to execute tests through automation testing tools. It consumes less time and human effort in comparison to Manual testing. The software automation testing enters test data into the system, compares actual and expected results, and produces detailed reports.

    Automation software testing can be achieved by Automation testing tools or by writing test scripts. For repetitive testing or those tests that are hard to do manually, we use automation testing.

    Automation testing tools help to automate data sets, defect logging, GUI interaction, etc. It’s used for both functional and non-functional testing. Here are the best automation tools, that help in automating the testing process and the best in the market.

    Selenium
    Cypress
    Puppeteer
    Playwright

    1. Selenium: Selenium is an open-source automation testing tool that is widely used in the IT industry. It is mainly used for browser testing. It enables records of testing web applications and runs multiple scripts across different browsers. One can run test scripts in various languages; eg. PHP, Perl, Python, NodeJS, JAVA, C#, etc. on a single interface of Selenium. Selenium supports multiple Operating Systems like Windows, Mac, and Linux. It has a very large community of testers so the updates are very frequent.

    2. Cypress: Cypress is an open-source automation testing tool too, it also provided under MIT licenses. Anything that runs on the browser, Cypress does fast, reliable, and easy testing. Cypress takes screenshots when we run any tests and you can see that by just hovering over it and see what had happened in each step. It automatically reloads on every change. It doesn’t have quite a large community of testers but resources are pretty decent and communication is very effective.

    3. Puppeteer: Puppeteer is a Node library. It provides a high-level API to control headless Chrome over the Devtools protocol. It can use for test automation in modern web applications. It takes screenshots of web pages, scrapes websites for data, and automates the interaction of web pages. That speed ups the tests we like to perform on the website, automatically.

    4. Playwright: Playwright is an open-source JavaScript library used for end-to-end automation testing. It gets started instantly and automates with auto waits.

    Here is a quick comparison between Selenium, Cypress, Puppeteer, and Playwright.

    Cross-Browser
    Selenium: Runs everywhere.
    Cypress: Only Chrome/Firefox
    Puppeteer: Only Chrome/Firefox
    Playwright: Chrome/Safari/Firefox

    Multiple Tabs + Frames
    Selenium: Supported with bad switch API
    Cypress: No real support
    Puppeteer: Intuitive API
    Playwright: Intuitive API

    Test Creation Speed
    Selenium: Yes
    Cypress: Yes
    Puppeteer: Yes
    Playwright: Yes

    Trusted Actions
    Selenium: Yes
    Cypress: No support (can use Puppeteer plugin)
    Puppeteer: Yes
    Playwright: Yes

    Parallelism Grids and Infrastructure
    Selenium: Yes (managed, costly) or build your own solution
    Cypress: Either on their closed source paid cloud or you'll have to build your own.
    Puppeteer: Usually people build their own (will change soon)
    Playwright: Usually people build their own (will change soon)

    Performance
    Selenium: It’s fast enough
    Cypress: It’s fast enough
    Puppeteer: It’s fast enough
    Playwright: It’s fast enough

    Stability
    Selenium: Complex Automatic WaitFor mechanism
    Cypress: Complex mechanism that doesn’t work with frames
    Puppeteer: WaitFor for certain things, but have to WaitFor manually for others
    Playwright: Better WaitFor for certain things, but have to WaitFor manually for others

    Smart(er) Locators
    Selenium: No support for selecting elements in multiple ways
    Cypress: No support for selecting elements in multiple ways
    Puppeteer: No support for selecting elements in multiple ways
    Playwright: Very promising start of supporting custom selector engines.

    Debugging
    Selenium: Debugging remote grids relies on the grid provider
    Cypress: Debugging is not like writing simple JavaScript, it's chaining promises.
    Puppeteer: Writing and debugging JavaScript from your IDE
    Playwright: Writing and debugging JavaScript from your IDE

    Documentation and Resources
    Selenium: Very large community. Many testers.
    Cypress: Not a big community, but effective communication
    Puppeteer: A lot of tutorials and reading material but small community
    Playwright: Cause of keep changing APIs, there are out of date documents and data.

    View all Fleek IT Solutions's articles


    About the Author:
    Fleek IT Solutions is one of the best company in software testing. We offer services like Core QA, Test Automation, Mobile App Testing, Performance Testing, Accessibility Testing. Our Software Testing Team of experts always makes sure that the quality of standards is matching and the cost is effective. We Can help you in making your software error-free. We provide the best Software Testing services to our customers because for us our customer matters.

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